The Importance of the Sickle Cell Test

Summary: There is a many sickle cell test available to identify the disorder. The blood test for the sickle cell disorder can clearly identify the hemoglobin S in the blood, which is the main cause of this disorder. It is essential to get the blood sickle cell test for the newborn babies in the hospital; it is the normal practice in the US.  For adults, it is also essential; the blood sample in the adult is drawn from the vein in the arm unlike in the babies where it is recommended to draw the blood sample from a finger or heel. After getting the sample, it is sent to the laboratory for further procedure and the screening of the hemoglobin S. If the sickle cell test report shows the negative, its mean that there is no sickle cell gene present in the blood. In the case of the positive report, this is the sign of the sickle cell presence in the blood. In the advanced stage, the screening of this blood is done to find whether 1 or 2s sickle cell genes are present.

 

Content:  The people having only one gene (sickle cell trait) have a small percentage of the hemoglobin S. On the other hand, the people having 2 genes (sickle cell disorder) have almost all of the defective hemoglobin in their blood. The blood sickle cell test is the best way to identify the sickle cell disease in the early stage. The use of the microscope is essential in confirming any of the diagnosis; this allows the examiner to inspect the large number of the sickle cells. If you and your children have the sickle cell traits, the blood sickle cell test is essential and you should discuss with your doctor about that.

 

There is a many sickle cell test available to detect the sickle cell genes even before the birth. This kind of sickle cell test is done by getting the sample of the fluid surround the baby in the mother’s womb, which is also known as the amniotic fluid. If any of your parents have this sickle cell gene, it is important to discuss about having this screening with your doctor. In most of the cases, they will allow this sickle cell test, if there are not complications in the pregnancy.

 

In this situation, you can also discuss with the genetic counselor, which can help you understand the risks involved in the whole procedure.  The researchers have claimed that they have developed a blood sickle cell test which can predict the type of the sickle cell patients which can have the most severe symptoms of the disease. The sickle cell disorder at its worst can cause the intense pain and the serious infection in the internal organs. Approximately, over thirteen million people worldwide are suffering from this life-threatening disease; the main cause of this is the genetic mutation.

 

Obtaining the blood sample to perform the sickle cell test is a crucial stage, veins and the arteries vary in size from the person to person and newborn babies have the more narrower veins, it is more difficult to obtain the blood sample from them. It needs extensive practice to perform this action. The risks related with having blood drawn are minor but you should take it seriously, the improper sampling may cause the excessive bleeding, fainting or feeling light headed, Hematoma (clogging of the blood under the skin) and the infections. The blood sickle cell test is done to determine whether someone can produce the hemoglobin S and act as the sickle cell carrier.

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